Reservation Policy in Govt Job for Ex-servicemen (State and Central)
The coverage of reservation for ex-servicemen is ruled through the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Central Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979. These regulations is followed by all of the Central Civil Services and Posts, Group ‘C’ and Group `D` and the posts of the extent of Assistant Commandant in all para¬minittary forces.
Percentage of reservation provided to the ex-servicemen in Central Govt Jobs
Ans. Ten per cent of the vacancies in the posts of the level of Assistant Commandent in all para-military forces, ten per cent of the vacancies in each of the categories of Group ‘C’ and of such posts in Group ‘C’ services, including permanent vacancies filled initially on a temporary basis and temporary vacancies which are likely to be made permanent or are likely to continue for three months and more, to be filled by direct recruitment in any year are reserved for ex-servicemen;
Provided the percentage of reservation so specified for ex-servicemen in a category of post shall be increased or decreased in any one recruitment year to the extent to which the total number of vacancies reserved for ex-servicemen, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (including the carried forward reservation for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) and for any other categories taken together, falls short or is in excess, as the case may be, of fifty per cent of the vacancies in that category of posts filled in that year;
Provided further that in case of an increase in the reservation for the ex-servicemen under the preceding proviso, the additional vacancies so made available for them shall be utilised first for the appointment of disabled ex-servicemen and if any such vacancies still remain unfilled thereafter the same shall then be made available to other ex-servicemen.
Reservation provided to ESM in Central Government Ministries/Departments,
Public Sector Undertakings, Nationalized Banks, Para Military Forces and
Defence Security Corps, are as follows: –
1 Cenral Ministries/Department Gp C – 10% Gp D – 20%
2 PSUs/Nationalized Banks
Gp C – 14.5% Gp D 24.5% ( out of this 4.5%is reserved for Disabled
Ex-Servicemen /Dependents of Ex-Servicemen killed in action
both in Gp C and Gp D posts.
In Defence Security Corpts, 100% vacancies are reserved for ESM.
10% posts upto Assistant Commandants in paramilitary forces.
(c) State Governments also provide reservations to ESM in State Government jobs.
(ii) Cabinet Secretariat mandated Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare/ Ministry
of Defence to collect and compile the data/ information in respect of implementation of reservation policy for ESM in Central Govt. Ministries/ Departments, Banks, Public
Sector Undertakings, Central Para Military Forces etc. and other implementing
Vertical reservation and Horizontal Reservation for Exservicemen
Ans. Reservation for backward classes of citizens (SCs, STs and OBCs) is called vertical reservation and the reservation for ex-servicemen is called horizontal reservation. Horizontal reservation cuts across vertical reservation (in what is called inter-locking reservation) and persons selected against the quota for persons with disabilities have to be placed in the appropriate category viz. SC/ST/OBC/General candidates depending upon the category to which they belong in the roster meant for reservation of SCs/STs/OBCs.
To illustrate if in a given year there are two vacancies reserved for the ex-servicemen and out of two ex-servicemen appointed, one belongs to a Scheduled Caste and the other to general category then the disabled SC candidate shall be adjusted against the SC point in the reservation roster and the general candidate against unreserved point in the relevant reservation roster. In case none of the vacancies falls on point reserved for the SCs, the ex-serviceman belonging to SC shall be adjusted in future against the next available vacancy reserved for SCs.
Since the ex-servicemen have to be placed in the appropriate category viz. SC/ST/OBC/ General in the roster meant for reservation of SCs/STs/OBCs, the application form for the post should require the candidates applying under the quota reserved for ex-servicemen to indicate whether they belong to SC/ST/OBC or General category.
Definition of Ex-serviceman?
The Ex-serviceman (Re-employment in Central Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979 as modified by the Gazette Notification dated 27th October, 1986, defines ex-serviceman as a person who has served in any rank whether as combatant or non-combatant in a Regular Army, Navy and Air Force of the Indian Union and
- Who retired from such service after earning his/her pension; or
- Who has been released from such service on medical grounds attributable to military service or circumstances beyond his control and awarded medical or other disability pension; or
- Who has been released, otherwise than on his own request, from such service as a result of reduction in establishment; or
- Who has been released from such service after completing the specific period of engagements, otherewise than at his own request or by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, and has been given a gratuity; and includes personnel of the Territorial Army of the following categories, namely:
- Pension holders for continuous embodied service
- Persons with disability attributable to military service; and
- Gallantry award winners.
As per the clarification issued in the Notification No.36034/5/85- Estt.(SCT) dated 27.3.1987 any person who has been released upto 30th June, 1987 :
(b)After serving for a continuous period of six months after attestation, otherwise than at his own request or by way of dismissal or discharge on account of mis-conduct or inefficiency or has been transferred to the reserve pending such release; shall also deemed to be an ex-serviceman.
Relaxations/ concessions of Age to the ex-servicemenfor Govt Jobs
For appointment to vacancies in any Group C or Group D posts in Central Government, an ex-serviceman shall be allowed to deduct the period of actual military service from his actual age and if the resultant age does not exceed the maximum age limit prescribed for the post for which he is seeking appointment by more than three years he shall be deemed to satisfy the condition regarding age limit.
The upper age limit shall be relaxed by the length of military service increased by three years in the case of ex-servicemen and commissioner officers including ECOs/SSCOs for appointment to any vacancy in Group A and Group B services/posts filled by direct recruitment otherwise than on the results of an open All India Competitive Examination held by the UPSC.
For appointment to any vacancy in Group A and Group B services/posts filled by direct recruitment on the results of an All India Competitive Examination held by UPSC the ex-servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years military service and have been released, (1) on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within 1 year) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or (2) on account of physical disability attributable to military service or on invalidment, shall be allowed maximum relaxation of five years in the upper age limit.
Relaxation in Educational Qualification for Ex-servicemen
For appointment to any reserved vacancy in Group ‘C’ posts, the appointing authority may, at its discretion, relax the minimum educational qualification, where such qualification prescribed is a pass in the Middle School Education or nay lower examination, in favour of ex-servicemen who have put in atleast three years service in the Armed Forces of the Union and who are otherwise considered fit and suitable for appointment to such posts, in view of their experience and other qualifications.
For appointment to any reserved vacancy in Group ‘C’ posts, to be filled partly by direct recruitment and partly by promotion or transfer where the minimum qualification or technical qualification prescribed for appointment by direct recruitment is higher than that prescribed for promotes or transferees, an
ex-servicemen shall be deemed to satisfy the prescribed education or technical qualification if he;
- satisfied the educational or technical qualification prescribed for direct recruitment to the post from which promotion or transfer to the post in question is allowed, and
- has identical experience of work in a similar discipline and for the same number of years in the Armed Forces of the Union, as prescribed for promotes or transferees.
Rules of reservation benefit to the ex-serviceman, who has already joined a civil appointment
Ans. An ex-serviceman who has already secured employment under the Central Government in Groups C and D will be permitted the benefit of age relaxation as prescribed for ex-servicemen for securing another employment in a higher grade or cadre in Group C and D under the Central Government. However, such candidate will not be eligible for the benefit of reservation for ex-servicemen in Central Government jobs. In this Regard Provision of DOP&T OM dated 14 Aug 2014 is applicable.
According to DOP&T OM o Aug 2014, An ex-serviceman at the time of his release or discharge from the armed forces normally applies for more than one vacancy, but in case he/she joins any civil employment due to early declaration of results/selection, he/she is pot entitled for the benefit of reservation for ex-servicemen for subsequent employment. It has been brought to the notice of this Department that the aforesaid instructions are affecting the chances of ex-servicemen in the case of direct recruitment for subsequent suitable employment. The matter has, therefore, been considered in consultation with Department of Exservicemen, Ministry of Defence. It has now been decided vide the DOP&T OM No. 36034/1/2014-Estt (Res) dated 14th August 2014 issued by DoP&T that if an ex-serviceman applies for various vacancies before joining any civil employment, he/she can avail of the benefit of reservation as ex-serviceman for any subsequent employment. However, to avail of this benefit, an ex-serviceman as soon as he/she joins any civil employment, should give self declaration/undertaking to the concerned employer about the date-wise details of application
If the vacancies reserved for ex-serviceman be filled by general candidate?
No vacancy reserved for ex-servicemen in a post to be filled otherwise than on the results of an open competitive examination shall be tilled by the appointing authority by any general candidate, until and unless the said authority ;
- has obtained a “Non-availability Certificate” from the employment exchange (where a requisition is placed on an employment exchange);
- has verified the non-availability of a suitable candidate by reference to the Director General Resettlement and recorded a certificate to that effect ; and
- has obtained approval of the Central Government.
In case of number of posts reserved for ex-servicemen is not filled by candidates who are ex-servicemen the number of posts not so filled can be added to the number of post falling to the share of ex-servicemen in the next year. However, addition will be subject to adjustments with the reservation available for the other categories in accordance with the general policy of the Government and also subject to the upper ceiling and 50% of the total vacancies being reserved.
Detailed Clarifiation on exserviceman Category
An Ex-Serviceman means a person: 5.8.1. Who has served in any rank whether as a combatant or non-combatant in the Regular Army, Navy or Air Force of the Indian Union, and
(i) Who either has been retired or relieved or discharged from such service whether at his own request or being relieved by the employer after earning his or her pension, or
(ii) Who has been relieved from such service on medical grounds attributable to Military service or circumstances beyond his control and awarded medical or other disability pension; or
(iii) Who has been released from armed forces as a result of excess manpower in establishment who has been released from such service after completing the specific period of engagement, in any other case than at his own request, or via way of dismissal, or discharge resulting from misconduct or inefficiency and has been given a gratuity, and includes employees of the Territorial Army, namely, pension holders for continuous embodied provider or broken spells of qualifying carrier; or five.8.Three. Personnel of the Army Postal Service who’re a part of Regular Army and retired from the Army Postal Service without reversion to their figure provider with pension, or are released from the Army Postal carrier on medical grounds as a result of or aggravated by means of army carrier or occasions past their control and provided clinical or other incapacity pension. Or five.Eight.Four. Personnel, who have been on deputation in Army Postal Service for more than six months prior to the 14th April, 1987. Or 5.Eight.5. Gallantry award winners of the Armed forces inclusive of employees of Territorial Army. Or five.8.6. Ex-recruits boarded out or relieved on medical floor and granted scientific incapacity pension. 5.Nine. Age relaxation isn’t always admissible to sons, daughters and dependents of Ex-Servicemen. Therefore, such candidates should not imply their category as Ex-Servicemen.
Ex-Servicemen (ESM) who have already secured employment in civil side under the Government in Group ‘C’ & ‘D’ posts on regular basis after availing of the benefits of reservation given to Ex-Servicemen for their re-employment are ineligible for reservation in Exserviceman category and no Fee concession available. However, such ESM can avail of the benefit of reservation as ExServiceman for subsequent employment if the esm immediately after joining civil employment, gives self-declaration/undertaking to the concerned recruiter/employer about the date-wise details of applications for various vacancies which he had applied for before joining the initial civil employment as mentioned in the DOP&T OM No. 36034/1/2014-Estt (Res) dated 14th August 2014 issued by DoP&T.
For any ex-serviceman of the 3 Armed Forces of the Union to be handled as Ex-Serviceman for the motive of securing the blessings of reservation, he should have already obtained the reputation of Ex-Servicemen at the relevant time of filing his application for the Post/Service or be in a role to establish his acquired entitlement by way of documentary evidence from the equipped authority that he could entire distinctive time period of engagement from the Armed Forces within the stipulated duration of three hundred and sixty five days from the last date for application for recruitment to the post. Such applicants ought to also accumulate the repute of an Ex-Serviceman inside the stipulated period of 365 days from the closing date of receipt of applications.
A Matriculate Ex-Serviceman (which time period consists of an Ex-Serviceman, who has received the Indian Army Special Certificate of schooling or the corresponding certificate inside the Navy or the Air Force), who has put in not less than 15 years of service as on remaining date with Armed Forces of the Union will be taken into consideration eligible only for appointment to the Group ‘C’ posts of SI in Delhi Police against the posts reserved for Ex-Servicemen. Thus, the ones Non-Graduate Ex-Servicemen who have now not completed 15 years of service as at the ultimate date for receipt of packages or might not complete 15 years of service inside 365 days from the remaining date of receipt of application for job recruitment aren’t eligible for any submit.
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