definition of exserviceman

DEFINITION OF EX-SERVICEMEN HAS NOW BEEN CHANGED WITH TIME

With time, definition of “Exserviceman” has been changed considering socio economic scenario. Short service commissioned officers released after completion of their terms of engagement  are also now getting status of Exserviceman. Boarded out Recruits are also considered as Exserviceman. In this article we will discuss the Ex-serviceman status to all ranks / category of Armed Forces personnel including MNS, TA , Regular Army/navy & AF Personnel who retired after completion of terms of engagement, premature discharged or invalided out due to medical LMC etc.

Exserviceman Status to those who were released between 01 Jul 66 and 30 Jun 68 (both days  inclusive)

Any person who has served in any rank (whether as a combatant or not) in the Armed Forces of the Union, has been released there from otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency.

(Authority : Min of Home Affairs Notification No F.14/26/64-Estt(D) dated 11 Oct 1966)

Those who were released between 01 Jul 68 and 30 Jun 71 (both days  inclusive)

 Any person who has served in any rank (whether as a combatant or not) in the Armed Forces of the Union for a continuous period of not less than six months and released there from otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency.

(Authority : Min of Home Affairs Notification No 14/11/68-Estt(D)/Estt -C) dated 13 Feb 69)

Those who were released between 01 Jul 71 and 30 Jun 74(both days  inclusive)

Any person who has served in any rank (whether as a combatant or not) in the Armed Forces of the Union and has been released there from otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency.

(Authority : Cabinet Secretariat, Department of Personnel Notification No 13/3/71-Ests(C) dated 14 Oct 71)

Those who were released between 01 Jul 74 and 30 Jun 79(both days  inclusive)

ESM means a person who has served in any rank(whether as a combatant or non -combatant) in the Armed forces of the Union, for a continuous period of not less than six months after attestation and has been released there from otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency.

(Authority : Cabinet Secretariat, Department . of Personnel & Administrative Reforms Notification No 13/24/73-Estt(C) dated 26 Oct 74)

Text Box: (Authority : Min of Def/Department of ESW OM No 12/1/2005/D(Res) dated 01 Feb 2006)

Those who were releasedbetween 01 Jul 79 and 30 Jun 87(both days  inclusive)

Any person who has served in any rank(whether as combatant or not)in the armed forces of the Union for a continuous period of not less than six months after attestation if discharged for reasons other than at their own request or by way or dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency and not less than five years service if discharged at own request. (Authority : Department . of Personnel & Administrative Reforms Notification No 39016/10/79-Estt(C) dated 15 Dec 79)

Those who were released on or after 01 Jul 87

Any person who has served in any rank (whether as combatant or not) in the armed forces of the Union and was released/retired with any kind of pension from Defence Budget or released on completion of specific terms of engagement with gratuity otherwise than at his own request or by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency.

(Authority : DOP&T OM No 36034/5/85-Estt(SCT) dated 14 Apr 87)

Exserviceman Status to Personnel of Territorial Army

Who are pension holders ;for continuous embodied service, persons with disability attributable to military service and gallantry award winners retired on or after 15 Nov 86.(Authority : DOP&T OM No 36034/5/85-Estt(SCT) dated 14 Apr 87)

Exserviceman Status to Personnel of Army Postal Service

Personnel of Army Postal Service , who are a part of regular Army and retire from such service (that is directly from APS without reversion to P&T Department) with a pension or who have been released from such service on medical grounds attributable to military service or circumstances beyond their control and awarded medical or other disability pension shall come within the definition of ex-servicemen.

(Authority : Min of Defence OM No 9(52)/88/D)(Res) dated 19 Jul 89)

Note : As per Govt. of India, Min of Def/Department of ESW OM No 1(9)/2010/D(Res-I) dated 20/21 Jul 2011, personnel who were on deputation in APS for more than six months prior to 14 Apr 87 would also be considered as ex-servicemen with all consequential benefits.

Exserviceman Status to Recruits Boarded out

Who are boarded out/released on medical grounds and granted medical/disability pension. However, the operation of the OM has been kept in abeyance for issuance of notification by DOP&T.

Exservciceman Status to Short service Commissioned Officers

As per Department of Ex-servicemen Welfare ID No 12/1/2005/D (Res) dated 02/05 Sep 2011 the competent authority has not approved the proposal to grant Ex-servicemen status to disabled cadets.

Clarification regarding ESM to SSC Officers –

Provided that Short Service Commissioned Officer released from service after completing initial terms of engagement otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct of inefficiency and have been given gratuity shall be eligible to the Status of Ex-Servicemen.

In this connection, it is clarified all Short Service Commissioned Officers(SSCOs) who were released from service with gratuity will get the status of   Ex-Servicemen w.e.f 13-2-2020 or thereafter,
(Office memorandum 1(007)2014/d(Res) dated 20 April 2021

Exserviceman Status to MNS Officers

As per DOPT notification of Oct 2012 a person who has served in any rank whether as combatant or a non combatant in the regular Army, Navy and Air Force of the Indian Union will be treated as ex-servicemen. The MNS does not from part of regular Army, Navy and Air Force and hence is not granted ex-servicemen status. 

MNS officers are not covered under the definition of ex-servicemen as per Notification issued by Govt of India, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensioners dated 04 Oct 2012. However, the case of MNS Officers has been taken up by Directorate General Resettlement with the Service Headquarters and DoPT. Changes, as promulgated will be intimated subsequently.

If the readers have any updates on the matter or any required information in addition to these, may provide us to email esminfoclub@gmail.com

Those who were released on or after 10 Oct 2012

An ex-servicemen means a person-

(i) Who has served in any rank whether as a combatant or non combatant in the Regular Army, Navy and Air Force of the Indian Union and

  • Who either has been retired or relieved or discharged from such service whether at his own request or being relieved by the employer after earning his or her pension; or
  • Who has been relieved from such service on medical grounds attributable to military service or circumstances beyond his control and awarded medical or other disability pension; or
  • Who has been released from such service as a result of reduction in establishment;
  • or
  • (ii)    who has been released from such service after completing the specific
  • period of engagement, otherwise than at his own request, or by way of dismissal, or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency and has been given gratuity; and includes personnel of the Territorial Army, namely, pension holders for continuous embodied service or broken spells of qualifying service;
  • or
  • (iii)   personnel of the Army Postal Service who are part of Regular Army and retired from the Army Postal Service without reversion to their parent service on medical grounds attributable to or aggravated by military service or circumstances beyond their control and awarded medical or other disability pension;
  • or
  • (iv)   Personnel, who were on deputation in Army Postal Service for more than six months prior to the 14 April,1987; or
  • (v)    Ex-recruits boarded out or relieved on medical ground and granted medical disability pension irrespective of the date of boarding out/release.***

** Authority: DOP&T office Memo No.36034/1/2006-Estt(Res) dated 04 Oct 2012 and this order came into force from the date it is published in the Gazette of India vide G.S.R 757(E) dated 10 Oct 2012.)

*** Authority – Ministry of Defence, Department of Ex-servicemen Welfare D(Res I) OM dated 07th July 2014 ex-recruits have been granted ESM Status irrespective of the date of boarding out/release.

Note : The eligibility of the person to the status of ex-servicemen will be governed by the definition in vogue at the time of his discharge and will not be affected by the changes

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