India Saudi Military Exercise in Rajasthan : United Nations Charter Chapter VII

Indian Military Exercise with Royal Saudi Land Force

Joint Military Exercise #SadaTanseeq between the Indian Army and the Royal Saudi Land Forces has been started with the opening ceremony at Suratgarh, in Rajasthan. The Military exercise aims to focus upon joint tactical level operations in Semi Desert terrain, under United Nations mandate.

45 Persons for the Royal Saudi Land Forces and for Indian Armed Forces, a total of 45 persons attnding the joint exercise represented by the Brigade of the Guards ( Mechanised Infantry) till 10 Feb 2024.

The aim of the Indo Saudi Military exercise is to train troops of both the country for joint operations in semi-desert terrain under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter.

This joint military exercise aimed to “share their best practices in the tactics, techniques and procedures of conducting operations in sub-conventional domain”

This exercise will resulted – facilitate developing interoperability, bonhomie and camaraderie between troops from both the sides,” says the military spokes person.

They also revealed that – The exercise will provide an opportunity to both the contingents to strengthen their bond.

United Nations Agenda on Joint Military Exercise

The United Nations (UN) rarely organize joint military exercises with other countries. However, it may authorise or permit such activities under specific circumstances, typically in the context of peacekeeping operations or as part of efforts to address global security challenges.

When member states of UN SC decide to conduct joint military exercises with the authorization or support of the UN, several principles and guidelines are typically followed:

UN Security Council Authorization: Any military action, including joint exercises, usually requires approval from the UN Security Council. The Security Council assesses the situation, mandates the mission, and provides the legal basis for military involvement.

International Law Compliance: All military exercises must adhere to international law, including the United Nations Charter. This includes respect for the sovereignty of countries and the prohibition of the use of Armed Forces, except in self-defense or with Security Council authorization.

Transparency: Member states engaging in joint military exercises should communicate their intentions and plans to the United Nations and relevant regional organisations. Transparency helps build confidence and prevent misunderstandings.

Consent of Involved Parties: If the joint military exercise involves the territory of another country, the consent of that country is generally obtained. This principle respects the sovereignty of nations and helps avoid conflicts.

Human Rights and Humanitarian Law: Military exercises should be conducted with a commitment to upholding human rights and humanitarian principles. Measures should be taken to protect civilians (common citizens), and any use of force should be proportionate and discriminate.

Coordination with Peacekeeping Operations: In cases where joint military exercises are conducted in regions with ongoing peacekeeping operations, coordination with UN peacekeeping missions is crucial to ensure the safety and security of all parties involved.

It’s important to note that the specifics of joint military exercises vary based on the context, the nature of the operation, and the countries involved. The UN’s role is often facilitative, providing a framework for cooperation and oversight rather than directly organizing the exercises.

United Nations Charter, Chapter VII:
Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace, and Acts of Aggression

Article 47

  1. There shall be established a Military Staff Committee to advise and assist the Security Council on all questions relating to the Security Council’s military requirements for the maintenance of international peace and security, the employment and command of forces placed at its disposal, the regulation of armaments, and possible disarmament.
  2. The Military Staff Committee shall consist of the Chiefs of Staff of the permanent members of the Security Council or their representatives. Any Member of the United Nations not permanently represented on the Committee shall be invited by the Committee to be associated with it when the efficient discharge of the Committee’s responsibilities requires the participation of that Member in its work.
  3. The Military Staff Committee shall be responsible under the Security Council for the strategic direction of any armed forces placed at the disposal of the Security Council. Questions relating to the command of such forces shall be worked out subsequently.
  4. The Military Staff Committee, with the authorization of the Security Council and after consultation with appropriate regional agencies, may establish regional sub-committees.
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