Anomaly in Reservation for Exservicemen in Govt Jobs – SSC CGL 2023

Reservation in Govt Employment for the Exservicemen category is regulated by the DOPT and DESW, Govt of India.  There are several anomaly found while observed the job notifications / vacancy statement released by the recruiting agencies.  Before analysis of the anomaly, we may go through the Rules and regulations governing the Reservation policy for exservicemen in central civil services and PSU. In this regard latest PIB release is reproduced below :

Jobs Reserved for Ex-Servicemen

Posted On: 22 JUL 2022 1:32PM by PIB Delhi

Reservation for Ex-servicemen in respect of Central Government jobs, including Railways, is governed by the ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Central Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979. These reservations are applicable to all Group ‘C’ and Group ‘D’ Central Civil Services & Posts and posts up to the level of Assistant Commandant in all Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs), which includes Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) and Central Industrial Security Force (CISF).

SSC CGL Bank Books

       The details of existing quota of reservation available for Ex-servicemen is as under:

  • Reservation in Central Government Ministries (including Railways)/Departments including Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs):
  • 10% in all Direct recruitment posts up to the level of Assistant Commandant in Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs).
  • 10% in Direct recruitment posts in Group ‘C’
  • 20% in Direct recruitment posts in Group ‘D’

      Reservation in Central Public Sector Undertakings:
14.5% in all Direct Recruitment Group ‘C’ Posts
24.5% in all Direct Recruitment Group ‘D’ Posts
including 4.5% for Disabled ESM and dependents of Service personnel killed in action)
100% in  Defence Security Corps.

  • Employment in Rajya Sainik Boards falls under the purview of the concerned State Government and each of the State Government has provided reservation/priority for appointment for Ex-servicemen in State Government jobs as per their welfare policy.

The reservation prescribed for ESM is Horizontal in nature and depend on occurrence of vacancies per year and not as per the number of Posts. Adequate number of ESM are not qualifying for these Posts for want of requisite educational qualification prescribed for the Posts.

The Government endeavours to explore every possible avenue for increasing employment opportunities for the Ex-servicemen through various initiatives including pre and post-retirement training and awareness programmes. Suitable training is also imparted to the willing Ex-servicemen to prepare them for self-employment ventures.

This information was given by Raksha Rajya Mantri Shri Ajay Bhatt in a written reply to Shri Achyutananda Samanta in Lok Sabha today.


 (Release ID: 1843763) Visitor Counter : 4376

The Anomaly in Reservation for Ex- Servicemen in SSC CGL 2023

It is well known that there is no reservation for the posts above level 5. However, it is evident from the vacancies reported by the Staff Selection Commission against recruitment through SSC CGL 2023 shows that total vacancy for Gp C Posts are 3505 and total reserved post for Exservicemen is 238.  The actual percentage arrives at 6.79%.  Whereas as per PIB Release of Govt of India the reservation should be at least 10%.    So there is a deficiency of 3.21%.

Details of total vacancy reserved for ESM in Gp C Posts for SSC CGL 2023 is as described in the table below :-

Tentative Vacancies for Combined Graduate Level Examination – 2023 (As on 18.08.2023) – For Exservicemen
Sl. No.Post CodeName of DepartmentName of PostGroupURSCSTOBCEWSTotal VacancyEXSPay Level 
1B21Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT),
Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance
Inspector Of Income TaxC564412352116816Level 7 (44900-
2D37Cabinet SecretariatAuditorC02251101Level 5 (29200-
3D38Offices under Comptroller & Auditor
General of India
AuditorC632311411515315Level 5 (29200-
4D39Offices under Comptroller & Auditor
General of India
AccountantC602312401515015Level 5 (29200-
5D40Controller General of Accounts, Department of Expenditure, Ministry of FinanceAccountantC45615773302114110244Level 5 (29200-
6D41Office of CGCA, Department of Telecommunication, Ministry of
Junior AccountantC2788137634Level 5 (29200-
7D42Department of  Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (Ministry of Jal Shakti)Junior AccountantC80111110Level 5 (29200-
8D44Military Engineering Services, Ministry of DefenceSenior Administrative AssistantC145393340Level 4 (25500-
9D45Office of the Development Commissioner, Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME)Upper Division ClerkC441510158929Level 4 (25500-
10D46Ministry of TextilesUpper Division ClerkC4000150Level 4 (25500-
11D47Central Bureau of Narcotics, Ministry
of Finance
Upper Division ClerkC91054191Level 4 (25500-
12D48Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & FisheriesUpper Division Clerk(UDC)/Senior Secretariat
C2010030Level 4 (25500-
13D49India Meteorological Department, Ministry of Earth SciencesUpper Division ClerkC71031121Level 4 (25500-
14D50Narcotics Control Bureau, Ministry of
Home Affairs
Upper Division ClerkC1000010Level 4 (25500-
15D51Department Of Fisheries (Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry  And Dairying)Upper Division Clerk(UDC)/Senior Secretariat
C1000010Level 4 (25500-
16D52M/O Electronics And  Information
Senior Secretariat
C2000130Level 4 (25500-
17D53Department of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers WelfareUpper Division Clerk(UDC)/Senior Secretariat
C62131130Level 4 (25500-
18D54Department of Atomic EnergyUpper Division ClerkC5315437141237Level 4 (25500-
19D55Ministry of MinesUpper Division ClerkC91132160Level 4 (25500-
20D56Department of Science &
Technology, Ministry of Science & Technology
Upper Division ClerkC113261232Level 4 (25500-
21D57Department of Food & Public Distribution, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public DistributionUpper Division ClerkC1000010Level 4 (25500-
22D58Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), Department of Revenue, Ministry of
Tax AssistantC23196461268858763Level 4 (25500-
23D59Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC), Department of Revenue, Ministry of FinanceTax AssistantC377117612648190060Level 4 (25500-
24D60Central Bureau of Narcotics, Ministry
of Finance
Sub InspectorC81141150Level 4 (25500-
 Total        3505238 

The another anomaly is non provision of reservation for ESM in Gp A and B Posts of central Civil Services.  However ESM candidates have proved to be more capable and more efficient than  the fresher candidates recruited in the Gp B and A Posts through various competitive exams.  In SSC GGL, It has also been found that a huge number of ESM candidates have scored more marks than those freshers selected in UR category for the Gp B Posts. 

So, the Govt should reconsider the case for reservation of Exservicemen with age relaxation for Gp A and B gazetted / non gazetted posts in all state govt and Central Civil service and equivalent level in  banks, PSU, Autonomous body etc.

Secondly, the roster of reservation should be strictly followed and proper 10% of reservation should be ensured by concerned recruiting agency and must be monitored by DESW and DOP&T.  ESM community may approach through organised associations/ individual grievances/RTIs to create awareness to the Govt authority regarding such anomalies.